Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 3 • 2016

medieval worlds 3 (2016)


ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-7988-4
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


MEDIEVAL WORLDS provides a new forum for interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Specifically it encourages and links comparative research between different regions and fields and promotes methodological innovation in transdisciplinary studies. Focusing on the Middle Ages (c. 400-1500 CE, but can be extended whenever thematically fruitful or appropriate), MEDIEVAL WORLDS takes a global approach to studying history in a comparative setting.
MEDIEVAL WORLDS is open to regular submissions on comparative topics, but also offers the possibility to propose or advertise subjects that lend themselves to comparison. With a view to connecting people working on related topics in different academic environments, we publish calls for matching articles and for contributions on particular issues.

Table of Contents

Walter POHL, Editor’s Preface
Daniel G. KÖNIG, Charlemagne’s ›Jihād‹ Revisited: Debating the Islamic Contribution to an Epochal Change in the History of Christianization
Tsvetelin STEPANOV, Venerating St. Michael the Archangel in the Holy Roman Empire and in Bulgaria, Tenth–Eleventh Centuries: Similarities, Differences, Transformations
Jesse W. TORGERSON, Could Isidore’s Chronicle Have Delighted Cicero? Using the Concept of Genre to Compare Ancient and Medieval Chronicles
Thomas ERTL - Markus MAYER, Acculturation and Elimination: Europe’s Interaction with the Other (Fourteenth–Sixteenth Century)
Miriam Adan JONES, A Chosen Missionary People? Willibrord, Boniface, and the Election of the Angli
Marieke BRANDT, Heroic History, Disruptive Genealogy: al-Ḥasan al-Hamdānī and the Historical Formation of the Shākir Tribe (Wāʿilah and Dahm) in al-Jawf, Yemen
Daniel MAHONEY, The Political Agency of Kurds as an Ethnic Group in Late Medieval South Arabia
Anna FRAUSCHER - Jelle WASSENAAR - Veronika WIESER, Making Ends Meet. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the End of Times in Medieval Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism

The journal is funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 3 • 2016

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-7988-4
Online Edition



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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 3 • 2016

medieval worlds 3 (2016)


ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-7988-4
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB

Daniel G. König
S.  3 - 40
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no3_2016s3

Open access
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no3_2016s3
Abstract:
In 2006, Yitzhak Hen published an article under the title »Charlemagne’s Jihad«, proposing that Charlemagne’s policy of forced conversion of the Saxons – the earliest combination of conquest and forced conversion in the history of Christianity – had actually been modelled on a typically ›Islamic‹ approach to other religious groups. Hen argued that Charlemagne’s expedition to Zaragoza in 777-778 as well as his reception of Hispanic refugees such as Theodulf at court acquainted the Frankish king with this Islamic approach which was then duly applied to the Saxons. The primary aim of the article is to raise and – at least partially – answer questions that arise from Hen’s hypothesis. The first part of the article is thus dedicated to questioning if Islam of the late eighth century had already developed a systematic approach to non-Muslim religions that could be adopted by external observers. Even if Islam had already developed clear principles of dealing with other religions in the period under investigation, it cannot be taken for granted that the Carolingians and their informants were aware of these principles. The second part of the article then examines what Charlemagne and his entourage could have known about the Muslim treatment of non-Muslims. Since Hen’s entire argument hinges on specific passages of the Capitulatio de partibus Saxoniae which he defines as ›Islamic‹, this part of the article also discusses if these passages clearly reflect Islamic influence or rather build on previous Christian methods of dealing with other religions and of promoting the expansion of Christianity. Against this backdrop, the conclusion takes into account the possible historical causes for the Carolingian merging of conquest and forced conversion.

Keywords:  Charlemagne; Saxons; forced conversion; Islam; Islamic influence; cultural transfer; Carolingian-Umayyad relations; al-Andalus; Spanish March
Published Online:  2016/06/30 11:39:33
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x00340277

MEDIEVAL WORLDS provides a new forum for interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Specifically it encourages and links comparative research between different regions and fields and promotes methodological innovation in transdisciplinary studies. Focusing on the Middle Ages (c. 400-1500 CE, but can be extended whenever thematically fruitful or appropriate), MEDIEVAL WORLDS takes a global approach to studying history in a comparative setting.
MEDIEVAL WORLDS is open to regular submissions on comparative topics, but also offers the possibility to propose or advertise subjects that lend themselves to comparison. With a view to connecting people working on related topics in different academic environments, we publish calls for matching articles and for contributions on particular issues.

Table of Contents

Walter POHL, Editor’s Preface
Daniel G. KÖNIG, Charlemagne’s ›Jihād‹ Revisited: Debating the Islamic Contribution to an Epochal Change in the History of Christianization
Tsvetelin STEPANOV, Venerating St. Michael the Archangel in the Holy Roman Empire and in Bulgaria, Tenth–Eleventh Centuries: Similarities, Differences, Transformations
Jesse W. TORGERSON, Could Isidore’s Chronicle Have Delighted Cicero? Using the Concept of Genre to Compare Ancient and Medieval Chronicles
Thomas ERTL - Markus MAYER, Acculturation and Elimination: Europe’s Interaction with the Other (Fourteenth–Sixteenth Century)
Miriam Adan JONES, A Chosen Missionary People? Willibrord, Boniface, and the Election of the Angli
Marieke BRANDT, Heroic History, Disruptive Genealogy: al-Ḥasan al-Hamdānī and the Historical Formation of the Shākir Tribe (Wāʿilah and Dahm) in al-Jawf, Yemen
Daniel MAHONEY, The Political Agency of Kurds as an Ethnic Group in Late Medieval South Arabia
Anna FRAUSCHER - Jelle WASSENAAR - Veronika WIESER, Making Ends Meet. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the End of Times in Medieval Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism

The journal is funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at