Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 9 • 2019

Monasteries and Sacred Landscapes & Byzantine Connections


ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8612-0
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Editor’s Preface
Walter Pohl and Ingrid Hartl

Monasteries and Sacred Landscapes

An Old Ritual Capital, a New Ritual Landscape:
Understanding the Transformation of Angkor Thom, Cambodia:
through the Construction and Placement of Theravāda »Buddhist Terraces«:
Andrew Harris

The Monasteries of Athos and Chalkidiki (8th-11th Centuries): A Pioneering Front?
Michel Kaplan

Pro qualitate loci et instantia laboris:
Monasteries and their Human and Natural Environments in Late Antique Gaul
Matheus Coutinho Figuinha

The Limitations of Asceticism
Albrecht Diem

Byzantine Connections

Greeks and »Greek« Writers in the Early Medieval Italian Papyri
Edward M. Schoolman

Resenting Byzantine Iconoclasm. Its Early Reception in Italy
through an Inscription from Corteolona
Francesca Dell’Acqua and Clemens Gantner

Mercantile and Religious Mobility between Byzantines, Latins and Muslims,
1200-1500: On the Theory and Practice of Social Networks
Johannes Preiser-Kapeller and Ekaterini Mitsiou

»A Universal Narrative of Humanity«. Travelling to the ›Other‹
from Constantinople: Priscus of Panion (5th c. CE)
and William of Rubruk (13th c. CE)
Pia Carolla

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 9 • 2019

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8612-0
Online Edition



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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 9 • 2019

Monasteries and Sacred Landscapes & Byzantine Connections


ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8612-0
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


Michel Kaplan
PDF Icon  The Monasteries of Athos and Chalkidiki (8th-11th Centuries): A Pioneering Front? ()
S.  63 - 81
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no9_2019s63

doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no9_2019s63
Abstract:
Following the re-establishment of the Cult of Images in 843, the Bithynian Olympus (present-day Uludağ, Turkey) became the site of so many monastic settlements that it was all but impossible for the ascetics there to find true solitude. Therefore, they set their sights on Mount Athos in Chalkidiki, and began to settle there from the ninth century onwards. It was a turbulent time for the region, and as a result of complex political developments the land was abandoned and reverted to the state (klasma lands), with the tax revenues benefitting central authorities rather than local communities. The economic growth of the ninth century thus explains the conflicts over the lands around Mount Athos between the peasant population, the monasteries founded in the Chalkidiki region, and the monks on Athos itself. These conflicts were exacerbated by the foundation of the large institutions of Xeropotamou, Lavra and Iviron – the latter two of which also enjoyed the status of »imperial monasteries«. The extant documentation allows us to better understand both the attempts by the monastery to appropriate the lands and the resistance to these attempts by the village communities, who were particularly concerned with retaining grazing lands for their animals. Interestingly, the officials and judges in charge of the region seemed to have favoured the village communities in these conflicts.

Keywords:  Monasticism, Chalkidiki, Athos, village communities, Byzantine taxation.
Published Online:  2019/06/28 11:26:48
Document Date:  2019/06/28 11:19:00
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003abd7a

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Editor’s Preface
Walter Pohl and Ingrid Hartl

Monasteries and Sacred Landscapes

An Old Ritual Capital, a New Ritual Landscape:
Understanding the Transformation of Angkor Thom, Cambodia:
through the Construction and Placement of Theravāda »Buddhist Terraces«:
Andrew Harris

The Monasteries of Athos and Chalkidiki (8th-11th Centuries): A Pioneering Front?
Michel Kaplan

Pro qualitate loci et instantia laboris:
Monasteries and their Human and Natural Environments in Late Antique Gaul
Matheus Coutinho Figuinha

The Limitations of Asceticism
Albrecht Diem

Byzantine Connections

Greeks and »Greek« Writers in the Early Medieval Italian Papyri
Edward M. Schoolman

Resenting Byzantine Iconoclasm. Its Early Reception in Italy
through an Inscription from Corteolona
Francesca Dell’Acqua and Clemens Gantner

Mercantile and Religious Mobility between Byzantines, Latins and Muslims,
1200-1500: On the Theory and Practice of Social Networks
Johannes Preiser-Kapeller and Ekaterini Mitsiou

»A Universal Narrative of Humanity«. Travelling to the ›Other‹
from Constantinople: Priscus of Panion (5th c. CE)
and William of Rubruk (13th c. CE)
Pia Carolla



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at