Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 11 • 2020




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8745-5
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Ideologies of Translation, I

Instead of an Introduction: Medieval Europe Translated Pavlína Rychterová

Technologies of Translation

The Byzantine Imperial Chancery and its Language Policy from Justin II to Leo III
(Sixth-Eighth Centuries): From Latin to Greek
Christian Gastgeber

Translation as Interpretation: Translating Galen’s Polysemous Term Physis into Arabic
Elvira Wakelnig

Between Languages, Genres and Cultures: Diego Collado’s Linguistic Works
Jan Odstrčilík

Politics of Translation

The Latin Talmud and the Extension of Papal Jurisdiction over Jews
Alexander Fidora

»For they did not change their language« (MekhY Pischa 5):
On the Early Medieval Literary Rehebraicisation of Jewish Culture
Constanza Cordoni

Cultures of Translation

The Tibetan Translation of the Indian Buddhist Epistemological Corpus
Pascale Hugon

Translation as Commentary in the Sanskrit-Old Javanese Didactic
and Religious Literature from Java and Bali
Andrea Acri and Thomas M. Hunter

Project Report

An Interim Report on the Editorial and Analytical Work of the AnonymClassic Project
Beatrice Gruendler, Jan J. van Ginkel, Rima Redwan, Khouloud Khalfallah, Isabel Toral, Johannes Stephan, Matthew L. Keegan, Theodore S. Beers, Mahmoud Kozae, Marwa M. Ahmed

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 11 • 2020

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8745-5
Online Edition



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doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no11_2020s213


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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 11 • 2020




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8745-5
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


Andrea Acri, Thomas Hunter
M.

S.  213 - 240
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no11_2020s213

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften


doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no11_2020s213
Abstract:
This article discusses the dynamics of translation and exegesis documented in the body of Sanskrit-Old Javanese Śaiva and Buddhist technical literature of the tutur/tattva genre, composed in Java and Bali in the period from c. the ninth to the sixteenth century. The texts belonging to this genre, mainly preserved on palm-leaf manuscripts from Bali, are concerned with the reconfiguration of Indic metaphysics, philosophy, and soteriology along localized lines. Here we focus on the texts that are built in the form of Sanskrit verses provided with Old Javanese prose exegesis – each unit forming a »translation dyad«. The Old Javanese prose parts document cases of linguistic and cultural »localization« that could be regarded as broadly corresponding to the Western categories of translation, paraphrase, and commentary, but which often do not fit neatly into any one category. Having introduced the »vyākhyā-style« form of commentary through examples drawn from the early inscriptional and didactic literature in Old Javanese, we present key instances of »cultural translations« as attested in texts composed at different times and in different geographical and religio-cultural milieus, and describe their formal features. Our aim is to document how local agents (re-)interpreted, fractured, and restated the messages conveyed by the Sanskrit verses in the light of their contingent contexts, agendas, and prevalent exegetical practices. Our hypothesis is that local milieus of textual production underwent a progressive »drift« from the Indic-derived scholastic traditions that inspired – and entered into a conversation with – the earliest sources, composed in Central Java in the early medieval period, and progressively shifted towards a more embedded mode of production in East Java and Bali from the eleventh to the sixteenth century and beyond.

Keywords:  Old Javanese; Sanskrit; tutur; tattva; commentarial literature; Śaivism; Buddhism
Published Online:  2020/06/30 15:46:22
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003ba1d4

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Ideologies of Translation, I

Instead of an Introduction: Medieval Europe Translated Pavlína Rychterová

Technologies of Translation

The Byzantine Imperial Chancery and its Language Policy from Justin II to Leo III
(Sixth-Eighth Centuries): From Latin to Greek
Christian Gastgeber

Translation as Interpretation: Translating Galen’s Polysemous Term Physis into Arabic
Elvira Wakelnig

Between Languages, Genres and Cultures: Diego Collado’s Linguistic Works
Jan Odstrčilík

Politics of Translation

The Latin Talmud and the Extension of Papal Jurisdiction over Jews
Alexander Fidora

»For they did not change their language« (MekhY Pischa 5):
On the Early Medieval Literary Rehebraicisation of Jewish Culture
Constanza Cordoni

Cultures of Translation

The Tibetan Translation of the Indian Buddhist Epistemological Corpus
Pascale Hugon

Translation as Commentary in the Sanskrit-Old Javanese Didactic
and Religious Literature from Java and Bali
Andrea Acri and Thomas M. Hunter

Project Report

An Interim Report on the Editorial and Analytical Work of the AnonymClassic Project
Beatrice Gruendler, Jan J. van Ginkel, Rima Redwan, Khouloud Khalfallah, Isabel Toral, Johannes Stephan, Matthew L. Keegan, Theodore S. Beers, Mahmoud Kozae, Marwa M. Ahmed



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at