Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 12 • 2020




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8852-0
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.


Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia
Guest Editors: Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia: Introduction
Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Latin Europe:
Competition and Theological Method in the Twelfth Century
Constant J. Mews

Rethinking Buddhist Scholastic Communities Through a Socio-Historical Lens
José Ignacio Cabezón

Myang ral Nyi ma ’od zer (1124-1192):
Authority and Authorship in the Coalescing of the rNying ma Tantric Tradition
Cathy Cantwell

Between disputatio and Polemics: Dialectics as Production of Knowledge in the Middle Ages
Bénédicte Sère

The Tibetan Institutionalisation of Disputation: Understanding a Medieval Monastic Practice
Jonathan Samuels

Ideologies of Translation, II

Hostili praedo ditetur lingua latina: Conceptual Narratives of Translation in the Latin Middle Ages
Réka Forrai

Multilingual Sermons
Guest Editor: Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Medieval Sermons: Sources, Theories and Methods
Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Texts as a Reflection of Code-Switching in Medieval England: Sermons and Beyond
Herbert Schendl

Orality in its Written Traces: Bilingual reportationes of Sermons in France (Thirteenth Century)
Nicole Bériou

Bilingualism in Medieval Italian Preaching: The Case of Angelo da Porta Sole (d. 1334)
Carlo Delcorno

Bilingual Strategies in Fourteenth-Century Latin Sermons from Catalonia
Lidia Negoi

Typology and Spectrum of Latin-Irish and Latin-English Codeswitches
in Medieval Sermon Literature
Tom ter Horst

Review Article

Review Article: How Far is Global?
Roy Flechner

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 12 • 2020

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8852-0
Online Edition



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doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020s33


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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 12 • 2020




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8852-0
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


José Ignacio Cabezón
PDF Icon  Rethinking Buddhist Scholastic Communities Through a Socio-Historical Lens ()
S.  33 - 67
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020s33

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften


doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020s33
Abstract:
My early work on scholasticism initially focused on the Tibetan tradition, and later on scholasticism as a comparative category. This scholarship was based almost exclusively on the doctrinal writings of scholastics. While valuable in starting a conversation, in the intervening years I have realized that a more diachronic perspective that emphasizes the social and institutional aspects of scholastic communities is needed. This paper considers three moments in the history of Indian (and to a lesser extent Tibetan) monastic communities of learning: when they first came into being, when they were flourishing, and when they started to die out. Stability, writing, and a commitment to confronting rivals, I argue, are conditions without which Buddhist scholastic communities would not have emerged in India. Although much could be said about the character of these communities during their halcyon days, I focus on three practices that are important to scholastic identity in India and Tibet: debate, commentary, and prayer. Finally, I consider some of the internal challenges and external threats that these communities faced in their twilight.

Keywords:  scholasticism; India; Tibet; stability; writing; literacy; orality; argumentation; debate; commentary; prayer; ritual; apophaticism; persecution; book burning
Published Online:  2020/11/30 14:49:21
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003c0965

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.


Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia
Guest Editors: Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia: Introduction
Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Latin Europe:
Competition and Theological Method in the Twelfth Century
Constant J. Mews

Rethinking Buddhist Scholastic Communities Through a Socio-Historical Lens
José Ignacio Cabezón

Myang ral Nyi ma ’od zer (1124-1192):
Authority and Authorship in the Coalescing of the rNying ma Tantric Tradition
Cathy Cantwell

Between disputatio and Polemics: Dialectics as Production of Knowledge in the Middle Ages
Bénédicte Sère

The Tibetan Institutionalisation of Disputation: Understanding a Medieval Monastic Practice
Jonathan Samuels

Ideologies of Translation, II

Hostili praedo ditetur lingua latina: Conceptual Narratives of Translation in the Latin Middle Ages
Réka Forrai

Multilingual Sermons
Guest Editor: Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Medieval Sermons: Sources, Theories and Methods
Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Texts as a Reflection of Code-Switching in Medieval England: Sermons and Beyond
Herbert Schendl

Orality in its Written Traces: Bilingual reportationes of Sermons in France (Thirteenth Century)
Nicole Bériou

Bilingualism in Medieval Italian Preaching: The Case of Angelo da Porta Sole (d. 1334)
Carlo Delcorno

Bilingual Strategies in Fourteenth-Century Latin Sermons from Catalonia
Lidia Negoi

Typology and Spectrum of Latin-Irish and Latin-English Codeswitches
in Medieval Sermon Literature
Tom ter Horst

Review Article

Review Article: How Far is Global?
Roy Flechner



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at