Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 14 • 2021




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-9172-8
Online Edition

2021 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.

Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.


Urban Agencies: Reframing Anatolian and Caucasian Cities (13th-14th Centuries)
Guest Editors: Bruno de Nicola and Matthew Kinloch

Preface
Matthew Kinloch and Bruno de Nicola

Reframing Medieval Anatolia, Caucasia, and the Aegean: Narratives, States, and Cities
Matthew Kinloch

Urban Agency and the City Notables of Medieval Anatolia
A. C. S. Peacock

Cities and Imperial Authority in the Western Provinces of the Byzantine Empire, 12th-14th Centuries
Teresa Shawcross

A Conceptual Account of Market Morals that Resonated in Medieval Anatolia under Christian and Muslim Rule
İklil Selçuk

Merchant Capital, Taxation and Urbanisation. The City of Ani in the Global Long Thirteenth Century
Nicholas S. M. Matheou

Looking for Urban Agency in a City of Memorials: Tomb Towers of Late-Thirteenth-Century Ahlat
Oya Pancaroğlu

Urban Agency in the Borderlands: Turkmen Rulers and Administrative Elites in 13th-century Kastamonu
Bruno De Nicola

“These are the narratives of bygone years”: Conquest of a Fortress as a Source of Legitimacy
Dimitri Korobeinikov

Movement and Mobility in the Medieval Mediterranean: Changing Perspectives from Late Antiquity to the Long-Twelfth Century, II
Guest Editors: Christopher Heath, Clemens Gantner and Edoardo Manarini

The Sicilian Tithe Business: State and Merchants in the Eleventh-Century Islamic Mediterranean
Lorenzo M. Bondioli

"Eager to Go to the Desert": Ambiguous Views on Ascetic Women’s Holy Travels in Late Antiquity
Andra Jugănaru

Where the Long Way Ends: Descriptions of the Mediterranean Sea and Holy Land and the Criticism of Crusading at the Court of Henry II of England (1154-1189)
Fabrizio de Falco

Individual Articles

"I am a virgin woman and a virgin woman’s child". Critical Plant Theory and the Maiden Mother Conceit in Early Medieval Riddles
Alaric Hall and Shamira A. Meghani

Latin and Hebrew Analogues to The Old Norse Leek Riddle
Alaric Hall

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3420, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 14 • 2021

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-9172-8
Online Edition



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Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
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doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no14_2021s117


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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 14 • 2021




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-9172-8
Online Edition

2021 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


Oya Pancaroğlu
S.  117 - 154
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no14_2021s117

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften


doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no14_2021s117
Abstract:
In the medieval period, the city of Ahlat was an important urban center in the Lake Van region. The medieval city suffered serious depredations in the form of military assaults and earthquakes between the 13th and the 16th centuries that caused the urban center to be rebuilt at least twice at some distance from the medieval location. While only meager traces of the medieval urban fabric remain, Ahlat preserves a remarkable medieval funerary landscape of cemeteries and tomb towers that attest to the dynamic workings of local urban agency. This essay focuses on a discrete set of tomb towers of the late thirteenth century built by Muslim amirs of the Ilkhanate in order to explore the relationship between these new urban actors and the physically elusive urban stage of medieval Ahlat, in tandem with contemporary political circumstances. These tomb towers – built in the outskirts of the medieval city in the aftermath of much destruction witnessed in the course of the thirteenth century – represent some of the earliest indications of Islamization among Ilkhanid amirs but have hitherto been studied from a purely formalistic angle. In order to situate these monuments in their historical context, the essay is grounded in an extended summary of the medieval (7th-13th centuries) political and military history and the attendant demographic changes that significantly impacted the urban structure of Ahlat. The construction of tomb towers is investigated in the light of the compromised nature of the thirteenth-century urban settlement and the contemporary emergence of nodes of Sufi inhabitation in the peripheries of Ahlat as can be deduced from Ottoman-period tax registers. Amounting to a spatial externalization of urban agency, the tomb towers and Sufi lodges represent distinct but complementary claims to reconstitute social and political influence in the face of a ruptured urban center.

Keywords:  Ahlat, Lake Van, Ilkhanate, Islamization, Tomb towers
Published Online:  2021/12/01 10:52:34
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003d080c

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.

Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.


Urban Agencies: Reframing Anatolian and Caucasian Cities (13th-14th Centuries)
Guest Editors: Bruno de Nicola and Matthew Kinloch

Preface
Matthew Kinloch and Bruno de Nicola

Reframing Medieval Anatolia, Caucasia, and the Aegean: Narratives, States, and Cities
Matthew Kinloch

Urban Agency and the City Notables of Medieval Anatolia
A. C. S. Peacock

Cities and Imperial Authority in the Western Provinces of the Byzantine Empire, 12th-14th Centuries
Teresa Shawcross

A Conceptual Account of Market Morals that Resonated in Medieval Anatolia under Christian and Muslim Rule
İklil Selçuk

Merchant Capital, Taxation and Urbanisation. The City of Ani in the Global Long Thirteenth Century
Nicholas S. M. Matheou

Looking for Urban Agency in a City of Memorials: Tomb Towers of Late-Thirteenth-Century Ahlat
Oya Pancaroğlu

Urban Agency in the Borderlands: Turkmen Rulers and Administrative Elites in 13th-century Kastamonu
Bruno De Nicola

“These are the narratives of bygone years”: Conquest of a Fortress as a Source of Legitimacy
Dimitri Korobeinikov

Movement and Mobility in the Medieval Mediterranean: Changing Perspectives from Late Antiquity to the Long-Twelfth Century, II
Guest Editors: Christopher Heath, Clemens Gantner and Edoardo Manarini

The Sicilian Tithe Business: State and Merchants in the Eleventh-Century Islamic Mediterranean
Lorenzo M. Bondioli

"Eager to Go to the Desert": Ambiguous Views on Ascetic Women’s Holy Travels in Late Antiquity
Andra Jugănaru

Where the Long Way Ends: Descriptions of the Mediterranean Sea and Holy Land and the Criticism of Crusading at the Court of Henry II of England (1154-1189)
Fabrizio de Falco

Individual Articles

"I am a virgin woman and a virgin woman’s child". Critical Plant Theory and the Maiden Mother Conceit in Early Medieval Riddles
Alaric Hall and Shamira A. Meghani

Latin and Hebrew Analogues to The Old Norse Leek Riddle
Alaric Hall



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3420, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at