Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 10 • 2019




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8663-2
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Uses of the Past in Times of Transition:
Forgetting, Using and Discrediting the Past


Introduction. Making the Past in Late and Post-Carolingian Historiography
Maximilian Diesenberger

The Church as a Governance Actor in a Period of Post-Imperial Transition:
Delegation of Fiscal Rights and Legal Change in 10th-century Churraetia
Stefan Esders

Understanding the Church’s Past:
Usuard’s Martyrology in Tenth-and Eleventh-century England
Sarah Hamilton

Creating an »Orthodox« Past:
Georgian Hagiography and the Construction of a Denominational Identity
Emma Loosley Leeming

Using the Carolingian Past in a Society of Transformation:
The Case of Early Medieval Septimania/Catalonia in the Long Tenth Century (900-1050)
Matthias M. Tischler

Uses of the Past in Early Medieval Iberia (Eighth-Tenth Centuries)
Jorge Elices Ocón and Eduardo Manzano Moreno

Royal Marriage, Frankish History and Dynastic Crisis in Regino of Prüm’s Chronicle
Eric J. Goldberg and Simon MacLean

Negotiating the Roman Past in Later Tenth-century Armenia
Tim Greenwood

Aitire, 人質, тали, όμηρος, رهن , obses: Hostages, Political Instability, and the Writing of History c. 900-c. 1050 CE
Alice Hicklin

Approaches to Global Epigraphy, I

Global Epigraphy: The Scholarship on Inscriptions of Eurasia from Antiquity to the Early Modern Period
Andreas Rhoby, Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail and Andreas Zajic

Archaeological Contexts of Inscriptions in the Private Sphere:
The Mosaic Inscriptions of a villa rustica in Skala/Cephalonia
Elisabeth Rathmayr and Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail

Inscriptions in Areas of Historical Western Tibet (mNga’ ris skor gsum) in their Contexts:
A Brief Overview with Selected Examples
Christian Jahoda

Byzantine Connections

History and Exegesis in the Itinerarium of Bernard the Monk (c. 867)
Daniel Reynolds

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 10 • 2019

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8663-2
Online Edition



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Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
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doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no10_2019s130


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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 10 • 2019




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8663-2
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


Tim Greenwood
PDF Icon  Negotiating the Roman Past in Later Tenth-century Armenia ()
S.  130 - 150
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no10_2019s130

doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no10_2019s130
Abstract:
The Byzantine expansion eastwards into historic regions of Armenia in the second half of the tenth century and the Armenian responses to that expansion both receive modest coverage in Armenian historical narratives. Yet several works of Armenian historical literature were composed during this period which do not comment directly upon present circumstances but which, nevertheless, can be examined for what they reveal about the attitudes of their compilers. This study examines how historic Roman-Armenian encounters were represented in three such works. Despite their proximate dating, they attest a range of perspectives. The anonymous author of the History of Tarōn reimagined the conversion of Armenia at the start of the fourth century by Saint Gregory the Illuminator, highlighting the contribution of the metropolitan of Caesarea in the establishment of sees, monasteries and martyria across the region. A similar process was underway at the time following the Byzantine annexation of Tarōn and the attendant reconfiguration of the ecclesiological landscape. The History of Uxtanēs bishop of Sebasteia was completed between 980 and 989 CE by an Armenian orthodox bishop and projects historic antagonism between Romans and Armenians. Uxtanēs sharpened the negative presentation of several Roman emperors from Antiquity by applying derogatory epithets usually reserved in Armenian literature for oppressive Persian Šahanšahs. At the same time, Armenian leaders were projected as compromising their autonomy. Uxtanēs also incorporated much-altered traditions about Saint Theodore Tiron and the Forty Martyrs of Sebasteia, implying that they were Armenian Christians persecuted for their faith. Finally, while the Universal History of Step‘anos Tarōnec‘i offers an ambiguous portrait of the current Byzantine emperor, Basil II, the writer’s antipathy is revealed through his hostile depiction of Constans II whose engagement with Armenia in the middle of the seventh century prefigured that of Basil II in several respects. In all three compositions, the Roman past was used as a mirror to comment upon the Byzantine present.

Keywords:  Armenia; Basil II; Byzantium; Constans II; conversion; Saint Gregory; historiography; Sebasteia; Saint Theodore; Tarōn
Published Online:  2019/11/28 20:05:36
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003b0d76

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Uses of the Past in Times of Transition:
Forgetting, Using and Discrediting the Past


Introduction. Making the Past in Late and Post-Carolingian Historiography
Maximilian Diesenberger

The Church as a Governance Actor in a Period of Post-Imperial Transition:
Delegation of Fiscal Rights and Legal Change in 10th-century Churraetia
Stefan Esders

Understanding the Church’s Past:
Usuard’s Martyrology in Tenth-and Eleventh-century England
Sarah Hamilton

Creating an »Orthodox« Past:
Georgian Hagiography and the Construction of a Denominational Identity
Emma Loosley Leeming

Using the Carolingian Past in a Society of Transformation:
The Case of Early Medieval Septimania/Catalonia in the Long Tenth Century (900-1050)
Matthias M. Tischler

Uses of the Past in Early Medieval Iberia (Eighth-Tenth Centuries)
Jorge Elices Ocón and Eduardo Manzano Moreno

Royal Marriage, Frankish History and Dynastic Crisis in Regino of Prüm’s Chronicle
Eric J. Goldberg and Simon MacLean

Negotiating the Roman Past in Later Tenth-century Armenia
Tim Greenwood

Aitire, 人質, тали, όμηρος, رهن , obses: Hostages, Political Instability, and the Writing of History c. 900-c. 1050 CE
Alice Hicklin

Approaches to Global Epigraphy, I

Global Epigraphy: The Scholarship on Inscriptions of Eurasia from Antiquity to the Early Modern Period
Andreas Rhoby, Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail and Andreas Zajic

Archaeological Contexts of Inscriptions in the Private Sphere:
The Mosaic Inscriptions of a villa rustica in Skala/Cephalonia
Elisabeth Rathmayr and Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail

Inscriptions in Areas of Historical Western Tibet (mNga’ ris skor gsum) in their Contexts:
A Brief Overview with Selected Examples
Christian Jahoda

Byzantine Connections

History and Exegesis in the Itinerarium of Bernard the Monk (c. 867)
Daniel Reynolds



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at