Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 10 • 2019




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8663-2
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Uses of the Past in Times of Transition:
Forgetting, Using and Discrediting the Past


Introduction. Making the Past in Late and Post-Carolingian Historiography
Maximilian Diesenberger

The Church as a Governance Actor in a Period of Post-Imperial Transition:
Delegation of Fiscal Rights and Legal Change in 10th-century Churraetia
Stefan Esders

Understanding the Church’s Past:
Usuard’s Martyrology in Tenth-and Eleventh-century England
Sarah Hamilton

Creating an »Orthodox« Past:
Georgian Hagiography and the Construction of a Denominational Identity
Emma Loosley Leeming

Using the Carolingian Past in a Society of Transformation:
The Case of Early Medieval Septimania/Catalonia in the Long Tenth Century (900-1050)
Matthias M. Tischler

Uses of the Past in Early Medieval Iberia (Eighth-Tenth Centuries)
Jorge Elices Ocón and Eduardo Manzano Moreno

Royal Marriage, Frankish History and Dynastic Crisis in Regino of Prüm’s Chronicle
Eric J. Goldberg and Simon MacLean

Negotiating the Roman Past in Later Tenth-century Armenia
Tim Greenwood

Aitire, 人質, тали, όμηρος, رهن , obses: Hostages, Political Instability, and the Writing of History c. 900-c. 1050 CE
Alice Hicklin

Approaches to Global Epigraphy, I

Global Epigraphy: The Scholarship on Inscriptions of Eurasia from Antiquity to the Early Modern Period
Andreas Rhoby, Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail and Andreas Zajic

Archaeological Contexts of Inscriptions in the Private Sphere:
The Mosaic Inscriptions of a villa rustica in Skala/Cephalonia
Elisabeth Rathmayr and Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail

Inscriptions in Areas of Historical Western Tibet (mNga’ ris skor gsum) in their Contexts:
A Brief Overview with Selected Examples
Christian Jahoda

Byzantine Connections

History and Exegesis in the Itinerarium of Bernard the Monk (c. 867)
Daniel Reynolds

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 10 • 2019

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8663-2
Online Edition



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doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no10_2019s184


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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 10 • 2019




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8663-2
Online Edition

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


Elisabeth Rathmayr, Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail
S.  184 - 198
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no10_2019s184

doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no10_2019s184
Abstract:
The article deals with inscriptions on the floor mosaics of a residence in Skala on the island of Cephalonia. The archaeological context of the inscriptions, their representation and legibility as well as their contents will be addressed. In at least two rooms, inscriptions have been combined with depictions that give insights into the beliefs of the residents. One shows the personification of Envy, depicted as a damnatus ad bestias, which was common in amphitheatrical scenes on mosaics in imperial times, another a sacrifice of three animals (trittoia), which is only seldom depicted and also rarely documented in epigraphy and literature; to date, the picture in the villa of Skala together with a mention in a play by Aristophanes are the only sources for this sacrifice in the private realm of a house. Moreover, the depiction probably refers to a real sacrifice made on the outskirts of the villa. The commissioner of the inscribed mosaics was certainly the homeowner, who is recorded by his name Krateros in two mosaic inscriptions in the house. He was probably identical with Lucius Pompeius Krateros Cassianus, a member of a third-century-AD elite family from Elis known from inscriptions found in Olympia. Although both the figurative representations on the mosaic floors and the length of the inscriptions are unusual, they have received too little attention so far. The nearest parallels are to be found in the mosaic art of Patras, only a short distance away across the sea, where a whole series of comparable mosaics came to light, especially during emergency excavations. The mixture of »Greek« and »Roman« in the depictions of the mosaics in the villa in Skala could be explained by a mosaicists’ workshop from Patras, a Roman colony founded by Augustus, where such depictions might have developed.

Keywords:  Cephalonia; Skala; villa rustica; mosaic inscriptions; Roman Imperial times; domestic religion; sacrifice of three animals; phtonos; apotropaic; self-presentation
Published Online:  2019/11/28 20:43:06
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003b0d8c

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.

Table of Contents

Uses of the Past in Times of Transition:
Forgetting, Using and Discrediting the Past


Introduction. Making the Past in Late and Post-Carolingian Historiography
Maximilian Diesenberger

The Church as a Governance Actor in a Period of Post-Imperial Transition:
Delegation of Fiscal Rights and Legal Change in 10th-century Churraetia
Stefan Esders

Understanding the Church’s Past:
Usuard’s Martyrology in Tenth-and Eleventh-century England
Sarah Hamilton

Creating an »Orthodox« Past:
Georgian Hagiography and the Construction of a Denominational Identity
Emma Loosley Leeming

Using the Carolingian Past in a Society of Transformation:
The Case of Early Medieval Septimania/Catalonia in the Long Tenth Century (900-1050)
Matthias M. Tischler

Uses of the Past in Early Medieval Iberia (Eighth-Tenth Centuries)
Jorge Elices Ocón and Eduardo Manzano Moreno

Royal Marriage, Frankish History and Dynastic Crisis in Regino of Prüm’s Chronicle
Eric J. Goldberg and Simon MacLean

Negotiating the Roman Past in Later Tenth-century Armenia
Tim Greenwood

Aitire, 人質, тали, όμηρος, رهن , obses: Hostages, Political Instability, and the Writing of History c. 900-c. 1050 CE
Alice Hicklin

Approaches to Global Epigraphy, I

Global Epigraphy: The Scholarship on Inscriptions of Eurasia from Antiquity to the Early Modern Period
Andreas Rhoby, Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail and Andreas Zajic

Archaeological Contexts of Inscriptions in the Private Sphere:
The Mosaic Inscriptions of a villa rustica in Skala/Cephalonia
Elisabeth Rathmayr and Veronika Scheibelreiter-Gail

Inscriptions in Areas of Historical Western Tibet (mNga’ ris skor gsum) in their Contexts:
A Brief Overview with Selected Examples
Christian Jahoda

Byzantine Connections

History and Exegesis in the Itinerarium of Bernard the Monk (c. 867)
Daniel Reynolds



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at