Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 12 • 2020




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8852-0
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.


Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia
Guest Editors: Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia: Introduction
Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Latin Europe:
Competition and Theological Method in the Twelfth Century
Constant J. Mews

Rethinking Buddhist Scholastic Communities Through a Socio-Historical Lens
José Ignacio Cabezón

Myang ral Nyi ma ’od zer (1124-1192):
Authority and Authorship in the Coalescing of the rNying ma Tantric Tradition
Cathy Cantwell

Between disputatio and Polemics: Dialectics as Production of Knowledge in the Middle Ages
Bénédicte Sère

The Tibetan Institutionalisation of Disputation: Understanding a Medieval Monastic Practice
Jonathan Samuels

Ideologies of Translation, II

Hostili praedo ditetur lingua latina: Conceptual Narratives of Translation in the Latin Middle Ages
Réka Forrai

Multilingual Sermons
Guest Editor: Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Medieval Sermons: Sources, Theories and Methods
Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Texts as a Reflection of Code-Switching in Medieval England: Sermons and Beyond
Herbert Schendl

Orality in its Written Traces: Bilingual reportationes of Sermons in France (Thirteenth Century)
Nicole Bériou

Bilingualism in Medieval Italian Preaching: The Case of Angelo da Porta Sole (d. 1334)
Carlo Delcorno

Bilingual Strategies in Fourteenth-Century Latin Sermons from Catalonia
Lidia Negoi

Typology and Spectrum of Latin-Irish and Latin-English Codeswitches
in Medieval Sermon Literature
Tom ter Horst

Review Article

Review Article: How Far is Global?
Roy Flechner

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

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medieval worlds • no. 12 • 2020

ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8852-0
Online Edition



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Thema: journals
Walter POHL – Andre GINGRICH (Eds.)


medieval worlds • no. 12 • 2020




ISSN 2412-3196
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8852-0
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020

 
Open access
Indexed by:  ERIH-PLUS, Crossref, DOAJ, EZB


Constant J. Mews
S.  12 - 32
doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020s12

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften


doi:10.1553/medievalworlds_no12_2020s12
Abstract:
This paper explores the role of competition between masters and their communities in shaping the dynamism of theological debate in twelfth-century Europe. Whereas scholastic debate in the thirteenth century was heavily influenced by the structures and curriculum of the University of Paris, this was not the case in the twelfth century. While there were celebrated confrontations between individual monks and schoolmen (such as St Anselm against Roscelin of Compiègne, and Bernard of Clairvaux against Peter Abelard), it is inadequate to interpret these episodes in terms of simple opposition between monastic and scholastic theological traditions. Rather, we see the evolution of a range of educational communities, of monks, of regular canons, and of secular clergy, each with their own interpretation of Christian teaching, and with their own attitudes to the use of reason and the learning of classical antiquity. After 1150, there was an increasing tendency to professionalization in the teaching of theology, epitomized by the growing influence of Peter Lombard’s Sentences, but there was no consensus about the extent to which it should also engage in philosophical reflection. There was also competition between the cathedral school at Notre-Dame and the canons of Saint-Victor, who preferred to emphasize the role of experience in the spiritual life. The case of Richard of Saint-Victor’s writing on the Trinity shows how he sought to combine an experiential dimension to religious insight, with presentation of Christian teaching in terms of reason, rather like St Anselm, rather than through debating patristic authority, as followed by disciples of Peter Lombard. The label of scholasticism should not conceal the enduring diversity of approaches adopted by different communities.

Keywords:  twelfth century; Parisian schools; monasticism; canons regular; theology; exegesis; Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Paris
Published Online:  2020/11/30 14:48:29
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003c0963

medieval worlds provides a forum for comparative, interdisciplinary and transcultural studies of the Middle Ages. Its aim is to overcome disciplinary boundaries, regional limits and national research traditions in Medieval Studies, to open up new spaces for discussion, and to help developing global perspectives. We focus on the period from c. 400 to 1500 CE but do not stick to rigid periodization.
medieval worlds is open to submissions of broadly comparative studies and matters of global interest, whether in single articles, companion papers, smaller clusters, or special issues on a subject of global/comparative history. We particularly invite studies of wide-ranging connectivity or comparison between different world regions.
Apart from research articles, medieval worlds publishes ongoing debates and project and conference reports on comparative medieval research.


Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia
Guest Editors: Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Medieval Eurasia: Introduction
Pascale Hugon and Birgit Kellner

Rethinking Scholastic Communities in Latin Europe:
Competition and Theological Method in the Twelfth Century
Constant J. Mews

Rethinking Buddhist Scholastic Communities Through a Socio-Historical Lens
José Ignacio Cabezón

Myang ral Nyi ma ’od zer (1124-1192):
Authority and Authorship in the Coalescing of the rNying ma Tantric Tradition
Cathy Cantwell

Between disputatio and Polemics: Dialectics as Production of Knowledge in the Middle Ages
Bénédicte Sère

The Tibetan Institutionalisation of Disputation: Understanding a Medieval Monastic Practice
Jonathan Samuels

Ideologies of Translation, II

Hostili praedo ditetur lingua latina: Conceptual Narratives of Translation in the Latin Middle Ages
Réka Forrai

Multilingual Sermons
Guest Editor: Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Medieval Sermons: Sources, Theories and Methods
Jan Odstrčilík

Multilingual Texts as a Reflection of Code-Switching in Medieval England: Sermons and Beyond
Herbert Schendl

Orality in its Written Traces: Bilingual reportationes of Sermons in France (Thirteenth Century)
Nicole Bériou

Bilingualism in Medieval Italian Preaching: The Case of Angelo da Porta Sole (d. 1334)
Carlo Delcorno

Bilingual Strategies in Fourteenth-Century Latin Sermons from Catalonia
Lidia Negoi

Typology and Spectrum of Latin-Irish and Latin-English Codeswitches
in Medieval Sermon Literature
Tom ter Horst

Review Article

Review Article: How Far is Global?
Roy Flechner



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at